Archive for the ‘driving safety’ category

The Cost of Workplace Fatigue

February 26, 2019

Last week, in Seattle, the National Safety Council put on their first Workplace Fatigue Conference, aimed at bringing fatigue experts and corporations together to solve the nation’s fatigue problem.

And no, it’s not overstating the case to say we have a fatigue problem. The costs we pay for being sleep deprived are staggering, here’s a look:

  • Untreated sleep disorders cost up to $3500/employee
  • Direct costs $14B, indirect costs $28B
  • Employees sleeping only 6-7 hours nightly cost employers 3.7 days of lost work
  • Costs come from absenteeism, presenteeism, accidents, injuries and healthcare

A large employer here in my hometown, Seattle, is Amazon. I put their data into the NSC Fatigue Cost Calculator *. Here’s the findings:

  • Fatigue is costing Amazon $47,393,505 per year
  • $6.2M in absent employees
  • $27.8M in decreased productivity
  • And $13.3M in increased health care costs

But this is not the true total cost. There are additional costs resulting from the way sleep deprivation impairs positive human interactions. When sleep deprived, leaders are more abusive and unable to see sleep deprivation in their employees, employees in turn are less satisfied with their jobs, leading to costly employee turnover. There are many other ways that sleep deprivation and sleep disorders raise costs on corporations.

I encourage you to complete the Fatigue Cost Calculator for your own corporation, then take steps by training employees on sleep health, and designing your shift schedule and other safety practices to decrease fatigue. And decrease costs will follow.

 

NSC Fatigue Cost Calculator

*(Assumptions were: 24,000 employees in Washington, computing sector, no shift work. Though of course we know that these employees do work long and sometimes irregular hours).

I’m Dizzy with Sleep Debt

May 31, 2012

So although I’m a sleep expert, unfortunately that doesn’t make me immune to the havoc that life events can wreak on sleep health. My usual healthy 8.3 hour average sleep which leaves me energetic and sharp all day has plummeted to a mere 6.5 hours over the last week. I’m not alarmed, as identifiable events are interfering with my sleep, and I know that once those settle down my sleep will easily bounce back. Today I’m feeling the effects of acute sleep deprivation, a perfect chance for a blog post.

During acute sleep deprivation, people can feel a variety of somatic symptoms, like stomach or head aches. Others may feel dizzy or have difficulty concentrating. And of course there are performance decrements which we’ve discussed previously, and health problems too.

For me, today, the sleep loss is making me feel slightly dizzy, ravenously hungry for sugar (which is more difficult to resist than usual), my eyes feel irritated, and I’ve been making errors like hitting the wrong elevator button, and feel I need to work extra hard to pay attention while driving. My temperature control also seems to be off.

Now 6.5 hours of sleep nightly for 5 nights is not bad for many people. About 30% of American workers report getting less than 6 hours on work nights. What I wonder is whether people who are habitually sleep deprived get accustomed to the feelings of sleep debt, so that it becomes their normal? Granted I’m not a good person to say, both because I spend more time thinking about sleep than average, and because I’m usually well-rested, so can really notice the effects of sleep debt.

Today and the rest of the week I’ll keep my healthy sleep habits in place, and not worry about it, knowing my sleep will get back on track in a day or two. Until then, sugar anyone?

Daytime Sleepiness Increases Risk of Auto Accidents

June 2, 2010

Other blogposts have discussed drowsy driving, and this month a new research study updated this work.  The study measured how sleepy individuals were, and how many auto accidents they had.

The Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT) to measure sleepiness was done on 618 people.  During the MSLT, every two hours the participant has an opportunity to nap, and EEG measures how long it takes to fall asleep.  Falling asleep in 5- 10 minutes is considered moderately sleepy, with sleep onset in less than 5 minutes considered excessively sleepy.  The number of car crashes in the 10 years surrounding the MSLT was tabulated for each person.

The people who were excessively sleepy had an accident rate of 59%, while those who were alert had only a 47% rate.  The difference in number of accidents between these two groups was significant.  Excessively sleepy people also had a higher risk of severe injury in an auto accident than alert individuals.

This is important for us as individuals every time we get on the road, and is also a public safety issue.  Read earlier blogpost for tips you can use to stay alert on the road.

Falling Asleep at the Wheel

March 3, 2010

Several years ago I had a neighbor who worked odd hours. Sometimes she’d work in the day, sometimes leave for work at 4pm, and sometimes she’d be in her office for more than 24hrs. Our kitchen and dining room looked out onto her driveway and front door so we frequently saw her coming and going.

And thank goodness we could see her! Several times she pulled into her drive in the morning after being gone all night, and fell asleep right there in the car, with her head on the steering wheel and the engine running. We’d go and wake her when we noticed that the engine wasn’t turned off.

This is just one example of the dangers of drowsy driving. What would have happened if she’d fallen asleep on the road, or if nobody had been there to wake her up?

Prevent Drowsy Driving

October 20, 2009

Planning ahead before driving will help you reduce your risk of drowsy driving. Get adequate sleep the night before. Try to travel long distances with a companion who can take turns driving and can help you stay alert with some good conversation. Plan enough time so you can take plenty of breaks – at least every 2 hours or 100 miles on long trips. Avoid alcohol and sedating medications while driving.

While you are driving if you are yawning, constantly blinking, or find your head nodding those are signs that you are drowsy. Mentally you may not remember driving the last few miles, you may feel irritable, or experience wandering, dream-like thoughts. You may drift in your lane or even hit the side rumble strip.

If you experience any of these symptoms Stop and Rest! Even a twenty minute nap can hold drowsiness off for a while. You can also use the alerting effects of caffeine. A good plan is to pull over, drink a caffeinated drink and take a 20 minute nap. Because it takes about 30 minutes to feel the effects of caffeine this plan will provide the benefits of both the nap and caffeine. (Be aware that caffeine is less effective in people who regularly drink a lot of it).

Although it is just the end of October, soon the winter holidays will be in full swing. Let’s help make this a happy holiday season for everyone by getting enough sleep to be a safe driver, and making other arrangements when those holiday festivities cut our sleep short!

Drowsy Driving

October 16, 2009

Have you heard the buzz about drowsy driving? Sleep experts are now estimating that drowsy driving accounts for over 100,000 accidents each year, and causes 1550 deaths! The number of fatigue-related accidents may actually be much higher than this estimate because is it so difficult to detect. Fatigue-related accidents usually occur with a driver who is alone, driving at night, during the mid-afternoon lull, or at another time they are usually asleep. As opposed to a drunk driver, the drowsy driver will not swerve, apply the brakes or take any action to avoid the accident. They can’t, because they are asleep!

In 2005 the National Sleep Foundation conducted a large poll about drowsy driving. 60% of drivers said they had driven while drowsy, and an amazing 37% admitted to falling asleep at the wheel in the last year. Personally, these are alarming statistics to remember whenever I get on the road.

You are at risk if you have been awake for greater than 16 or 17 hours, are chronically sleep deprived, or have had a sleepless night. If you have an untreated sleep disorder such as sleep apnea you are also at risk. Some groups are more at risk than others, including men aged 25 and younger, shift workers, commercial drivers, business travelers, those who drive at night, and anyone who has worked 60 hours in a week.

Next Monday’s blog post will be filled with strategies to avoid drowsy driving, so check back then.